Re: a solution, but it really ought to be more elegant!

Forums Network Management ZeroShell Zeroshell beta 16 on HP ProLiant DL380 G3? Re: a solution, but it really ought to be more elegant!


Adapting the above instructions on a DL360G4p

Edit #2!

(I think this will be the same as a DL380 – it’s all about the Smart Array controller and its drivers). And here I’m using ZS beta 16.

I went a slightly different route to the instructions in the last post.

First, the system was booted from a ZS CD, with the CF image and files on a FAT32 filesystem on a USB device.

The CD has the Smart Array (cciss) drivers but they are only loaded after bootup. The logical volumes on the array can be accessed as /udev/cciss/c0d0 etc. Once one has a system booting from the array these device nodes are not created because the cciss driver has to be loaded really early. There may be some kind of penguin-foo that will allow the udev devices to be used throughout.

I had intended to just copy the CF/IDE/SATA image onto the Smart Array LV, then tweak the initrd following the instructions referenced above – BUT unfortunately the “rootfs” RAMdisk also needs to be changed, which means that one must follow an approach like the USB key preparation (

Working in the shell opened from the Zeroshell console menu…

first, create device files for the Smart Array driver (actually this is optional when booted from the ZS CD, as the device nodes exist under /udev).

mkdir /dev/cciss
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0 b 104 0
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 b 104 1
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 b 104 2
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 b 104 3
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0p4 b 104 4
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0p5 b 104 5
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0p6 b 104 6
mknod /dev/cciss/c0d0p7 b 104 7

Now copy the image onto the RAID array, e.g. if the USB device was mounted as /mnt/usbdisk:

dd if=/mnt/usbdisk/ZeroShell-1.0.beta16-CompactFlash-IDE-USB-SATA-1GB.img.gz of=/dev/cciss/c0d0 bs=1M

and mount the boot [partition, also copying in

mkdir /mnt/boot
mount /dev/cciss/c0d0p1 /mnt/boot
cp /mnt/usbdisk/ /mnt/boot

Now open the initrd

cd /mnt/boot
./ initrd.gz open
cd initrd.gz-image

Create cciss device files in in the initrd’s dev as above

Create directories for drivers, and copy in the cciss driver

mkdir -p lib/raid/chipsets
mkdir -p lib/raid/deps
cp /cdrom/modules/ lib/raid/chipsets

Edit linuxrc
add the two new directories to the list to be used for loading modules

for M in  /lib/usb/deps/* /lib/sata/deps/* /lib/raid/deps/* ; do
/sbin/insmod $M 2>/dev/null
for M in /lib/usb/host/* /lib/sata/chipsets/* /lib/raid/chipsets/* ; do
/sbin/insmod $M 2>/dev/null

and add the following scan of the cciss devices just after the loop which probes the USB and SATA devices

 echo "Probing [$I] RAID Array devices to startup the system ..."
for N in 0 1 2 3 ; do
if mount /dev/cciss/c0d${N}p2 /cdrom 2>/dev/null ; then

in the other mount commands in linuxrc, remove the mount type specification (-t iso9660) to allow the “cd” partition to be either a genuine iso9660 file system or any other type.

Tidy up

cd /mnt/boot
./ initrd.gz close

Now we need to create a new root FS with cciss device nodes in /dev,
change the file system type for /cdrom, and doctor the storage-detection script to scan /dev rather than /udev.

The problem here is that the iso9660 CD file system (partition 2) is compressed and an ext3 partition needs to be about 500MB in size to contain the same data as the 174MB CD file system.

So backup the “CD” and Profiles partitions to the USB device:

mkdir /mnt/cd
mkdir /mnt/profiles
mount /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 /mnt/cd
mount /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 /mnt/profiles
cd /mnt/cd
tar cf /mnt/usbdisk/cd.tar .
cd /mnt/profiles
tar cf /mnt/usbdisk/profiles.tar .
umount /mnt/cd
umount /mnt/profiles

then use fdisk to repartition the Smart Array LV (this example has 1GB for the ‘CD’ partition and 3GB for Profiles)

fdisk /dev/cciss/c0d0p0
d 3
d 2
n p 2 +1GB
n p 3 +3GB

If after this the kernel still uses the old partition table you will need to reboot from CD (and recreate the cciss device nodes) before proceeding.

Create the new file systems and restore the backed-up data (note that the profiles volume needs to be labelled)

mkfs -t ext3 /dev/cciss/c0d0p2
mkfs -t ext3 /dev/cciss/c0d0p3
tune2fs -L Profiles /dev/cciss/c0d0p3
mount /dev/cciss/c0d0p2 /mnt/cd
mount /dev/cciss/c0d0p3 /mnt/profiles
cd /mnt/cd
tar xfBp /mnt/usbdisk/cd.tar
cd /mnt/profiles
tar xf /mnt/usbdisk/profiles.tar

Now mount the rootfs using ps_initrd

cd /mnt/cd/isolinux
/mnt/usbdisk/ rootfs open

Create cciss device nodes again, in the dev directory within rootfs-image.

Edit the storage scanning script (/mnt/cd/isolinux/rootfs-image/root/kerbynet.cgi/scripts/storage) and change all “/udev” references to “/dev”.

Edit the fstab file (/mnt/cd/isolinux/rootfs-image/etc/fstab) and change the file system type of /cdrom from iso9660 to ext3. Also change the mount option from ro to rw if desired.

Close the rootfs, saving changes

cd /mnt/cd/isolinux
/mnt/usbdisk/ rootfs close

Reboot the system from disk.

I think that’s the lot – there was a fair amount of hacking needed to find out how it all works so there may be missing and/or unnecessary steps there.